How are doctors addressing diabetes in the U. What is the most significant effect of glacial melting on the lives of penguins in Antarctica?
Is there a unique area that yet to be investigated or is there a particular question that may be worth replicating? This question is so broad that research methodology would be very difficult and the question is too broad to be discussed in a typical research paper.
What counts as a primary source, though, depends on what kind of question you are trying to answer. The sky goes black, your breakfast turns to a brick in your stomach.
Unfortunately, many undergraduate research papers are really no more than glorified book reports. This is what I recommend. You want to look for research where other writers have taken the issues seriously and spent time writing about them.
Choosing a topic for which resources are very limited may lead to a summary paper rather than a true research paper. Research questions must be specific enough to be well covered in the space available.
Papers normally require that a student identify a broad area of research related to the course, focus the topic through some general background reading, identify a clear research question, marshal primary and secondary resources to answer the question, and present the argument in a clear and creative manner, with proper citations.
Whether assigned or selected by students, the purpose of research is to discover the answers to questions. Has there been new or additional information provided since this information was published?
Are there any specific things you need to include? We get a bad grade. Is the research question one that is of interest to the researcher and potentially to others?
This will not do. WHEN When was the source generated — today, last week, a month, a year ago? If nothing else, begin with the Encyclopaedia Britannica, a wonderful but sadly neglected resource.
Question "b" is too broad; it implies that the researcher will cover many tactics for reducing juvenile delinquency that could be used throughout the country. The process forces you to ask good questions, find the sources to answer them, present your answers to an audience, and defend your answers against detractors.
The more complex version is written in two parts; it is thought provoking and requires both significant investigation and evaluation from the writer. Can I find enough information on the subject, and are the issues of real interest?
A strong research question should never leave room for ambiguity or interpretation. Asking these questions and seeking answers reflect intellectual and emotional engagement with the subject matter. Is your research question clear?
But, of course, no one can speak every language and interview every participant in a political or social event. Bring all your skills to bear on the topic.
Does the author reference other sources? Primary sources in this case might include economic statistics, memoirs of politicians from the period or reportage in east European newspapers available in English or other languages. Sometimes the number of sources you find will help you discover whether your research question is too broad, too narrow, or okay?
Or say you want to write about how conceptions of national identity have changed in Britain since the s. Thou shalt do real research. Once you complete your list, review your questions in order to choose a usable one that is neither too broad nor too narrow.
But not all of us are born gifted writers. Is the methodology to conduct the research feasible? How do different electoral systems affect the behavior of political parties? In your research, you should endeavor to get as close as possible to the events or phenomena you are studying.
What is the effect on the environment from global warming? This question has a very clear focus for which data can be collected, analyzed, and discussed. Seriously it is a lifesaver and best part… it is FREE! When the answers to these questions are positive, you are ready to research in more depth and prepare your working list of research resources.
For example, a researcher may want to consider the factors that are contributing to childhood obesity or the success rate of intervention programs.Ask to obtain permission in writing to quote the respondents, to cut-and-paste e-mail responses they write, or to use a tape-recorder during the session if you will be doing any of these activities.
You can type up and mail a form for them to sign, or bring it with you to the interview for their signature. While keeping the audience and purpose in mind is important, ultimately all research begins with questions formulated by writers. Reporters' Questions Begin by asking who, what, where, when and why about your topic, writing down all answers you can come up with as quickly as possible.
Considering all of the previous questions, how would you sum up your current attitude toward your topic in a sentence or two? If you decide to use the answer to the previous question as a working thesis for your paper, what.
Research Questions and Hypotheses - This book chapter takes an in-depth look at the principles used to design and write research questions and hypotheses for qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research and describes the differences in approaches based upon the type of research.
In an experiment-based project, this question naturally leads onto a hypothesis. For a more review-based paper, such as an essay, it will lead to a thesis statement. When trying to define the research paper purpose, you should brainstorm a few ideas, which will help you to develop a research question that is relevant, interesting and novel.
The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.Download